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Driving in Italy is fun. And an Italy road trip is the best way to explore its lesser known regions and beautiful towns.
If you are thinking about driving or renting a car in Italy it is a good idea to prepare yourself with information about how to drive in a country whose drivers and roads have a somewhat challenging reputation.
We compiled our guide to driving and road trips in Italy having done many trips from north to south using both rental cars and our own car.
Over the years we’ve had a few mishaps – including getting stuck and scraping our hire car on a recent trip to Sicily (not fun but our fault). But, having a car has meant the freedom to explore and find exciting out-of-the-way places and we are always planning our next trip.
These are our tips for driving on vacation in Italy. Take note and enjoy your Italian road trip. I can just see you winding along the Amalfi Coast road!
What's in this article
- When to rent a car in Italy
- Car rental in Italy – tips and tricks
- Legal requirements for driving in Italy
- Italian road rules
- Insurance for your road trip in Italy
- Navigation and driving maps for Italy
- Driving on the Autostrade – Italian Highways
- Parking in Italy: towns and cities
- What to do if you have an accident
- Final common sense advice for your Italy road trip
- Enjoy your Italy Road trip!
When to rent a car in Italy
If you are only visiting Italy’s major cities – Rome, Florence, Milan, Venice and Naples – renting a car is not the best way to get around. High speed trains connect the cities and major towns quickly and you are dropped right into the center of town with no need to negotiate traffic or find car parking which is expensive and can be difficult to find.
Taking the train is by far the easiest way to get between cities. We recommend using the easy-to-use Omio site and app to plan your journey and book your tickets.
Driving in Italian cities, especially Rome, Milan and Naples, can be challenging and is not recommended. Plus you need to avoid a complicated system of ZTL or pedestrian zones. Huge fines apply for driving in these restricted areas.
Most places you want to go within the big cities are either within walking distance or served by an efficient public transport system. Of course, you can’t drive in Venice!
Driving in Tuscany
Renting a car in Tuscany is a great idea. A Tuscany road trip is a popular way to see the gorgeous hill top towns and vineyards the region is famous for. Tuscany is a large region and traveling by public transport outside the major cities – Florence, Pisa and Lucca – can be slow.
Don’t forget to look for and avoid the ZTL zones in Siena, Arezzo, Cortona, and Pisa as well as Florence.
Driving on the Amalfi Coast
Out of season, doing an Amalfi Coast road trip is definitely a travel highlight, especially for those who love driving on winding and scenic roads.
Come summer and high season (June – September) when the same roads are packed with locals and tourists, the situation is reversed. Then, it can be a bit of a nightmare. Traffic moves at a snail’s pace and parking is incredibly difficult to find.
Tempting as it is, we recommend using the local ferries and buses to move between the towns. You can also hire a driver for the day – click here for prices and more information.
Driving to the Cinque Terre and between the villages
If you want to include the villages of the Cinque Terre in your Italian road trip be aware that there isn’t a lot of parking. These are tiny villages and the roads are rough, narrow and designed for local traffic only. Expect to pay €25+ for parking.
The best way to see the villages is to park your car at one of the nearby towns such as La Spezia or Levanto and catch the local train or ferries to the Cinque Terre villages.
In La Spezia there is a secure car park under the station and another close to the harbour if you are taking the ferry. You will find a large parking area behind the train station at Levanto.
Car rental in Italy – tips and tricks
Renting a car in Italy is straightforward, and there are many options including the usual global car rental companies – Hertz, Avis and Europcar as well as local providers like Sicily by Car and Maggiore Car Rental.
One-way car rental is often one of the key requirements we have on our trips and we find that AutoEurope offers the best options to do this in a cost-effective way.
Another, benefit of using these services is that they provide a handy 24-hour service hotline should you run into difficulties.
Where to pick up and return your rental car in Italy
The best place to pick up your rental car depends on the city you fly into or want to start your touring from. Here are our recommended pick up and drop off points for destinations around Italy.
- Rome – Fiumicino Airport or if you are very confident and great with directions Roma Termini – for relatively easy access to Via Tiburtina and the A1 highway- main route north and south
- Florence – Florence airport or near Santa Maria Novella station (this is inside the ZTL zone – see note below)
- Milan – Malpensa or Linate airports. There are also small offices near Milano Centrale for confident drivers
- Venice – Marco Polo airport or Piazzale Roma
- Naples – Naples airport
- Amalfi Coast – Sorrento or Salerno
- Cinque Terre – La Spezia
Collecting and dropping off your car in the same location is the most cost effective method but often this is not possible. AutoEurope has the best and most effective one-way solutions – click here to get a quote.
How to choose a rental car model
Sometimes it is the little details that can make a big difference to your trip. Here are our top tips for choosing cars to rent in Italy:
- Choose the type and size of car wisely and avoid large cars. Getting stuck in small streets is almost a rite of passage for anyone driving in Italy but you can make things a little easier for yourself if you rent a smaller car.
- Recent model Fiat 500s are common, surprisingly roomy and have lots of space in the trunk/boot to store luggage out of sight. They are a good choice for 2 people
- A Mercedes van is a good choice for larger groups of up to 6 – there is plenty of space for luggage in the back
- Automatic transmission cars will cost significantly more to rent as the majority of cars are manual or stick shift
- Prebook child seats as these may not be readily available. We also road tested these travel car booster seats and found them to be a reasonable alternative
- Build in lots of time for car pick up and drop off when planning your trip as this can take a little longer in Italy especially around lunch time and on weekends.
Legal requirements for driving in Italy
You must be 18 years or older and have held a valid driver’s license for one year to drive a car in Italy. If you do not hold an EU passport, you will need an International Driver’s Licence as well as your standard issue license. You can get these permits from your local automobile association. In the US, for example, you can get your permit via the AAA website.
Minimum insurance requirements apply – see below
Italian road rules
Italians drive on the right-hand side of the road.
All passengers in motor vehicles must wear seatbelts and those riding motorcycles or moped must wear helmets.
The legal blood alcohol limit for drivers is 0.05%.
Speed limits that apply under normal driving conditions.
Motorway/Autostrade – 130 km per hour
Outside built-up areas – 90 km per hour
Built-up areas – 50 km per hour
Italian law requires that you carry the following items in your car:
- Documents related to you- proof of identity, the car – proof of ownership/rental and your insurance documents
- Reflective jackets – you must wear these if involved in a breakdown or an accident or on a road where stopping or parking is prohibited
- A warning triangle
- Headlamp beam deflectors
Note – the items should be provided by your car rental company. If you are driving your own car, make sure you have them to hand.
Limited Traffic Zones (ZTLs)
One of the quickest ways to accumulate fines in Italy is to enter historic centers in your car.
Most old cities have Limited Traffic Zones or ZTLs (mainly pedestrianized areas) that allow only residents with special permits to enter within certain hours.
They are policed by camera and Italian authorities have up to 12 months to collect fines on these infringements. If you have rented a car the charge will be passed on by the car rental company along with a hefty administration fee.
The best way to avoid the ZTLs is to park on the fringes of cities and walk or take public transport into the historical zone. This article has interactive maps of ZTLs in the major cities.
Insurance for your road trip in Italy
Italian law requires all drivers to have full insurance coverage for liability, theft, and collision. This insurance is generally covered in the cost of your car hire. It is designed to cover damage caused in a collision with another vehicle and not single-vehicle damage. Always make sure you have personal travel insurance to cover injury and personal liability.
If you are worried about this and don’t want to be stung by the car hire companies’ high charges you can take out reasonably priced excess reimbursement insurance annually.
I strongly recommend not relying solely on digital navigation options, particularly in the south of Italy and Sicily. The roads are very small and some have not been mapped correctly – we learned that the hard way.
Recommended road maps of Italy
Michelin road atlas – Michelin Italy Road Atlas (Atlas (Michelin))
Philips road atlas – Philip’s Italy Road Map (Philip’s Sheet Maps)
Italy road trip planning
Plan your trip before arriving in Italy using major roads and logical routes as the smaller roads are prone to pot holes and other challenges. Our relatives in Italy showed us how to shave an hour off a trip that was supposedly the fastest route in Google.
You can download your maps and use them offline if needed onto the Google app on your smartphone.
Road signs and other markers are fine on major roads and motorways so use them as generally they show the most logical and direct route.
Driving on the Autostrade – Italian Highways
I think this is where visitors are most afraid of driving in Italy apart from driving in the central zones of the big cities.
The key to driving on the Autostrade is to stay calm and in your lane. Yes, cars will be zipping past you at alarming speeds but there is no need to join in.
Just stay in your lane and move to the right well before your exit.
Autostrade or highway tolls
Expect to pay tolls when using the autostrade or highways. You can either pay by cash or credit card into a machine or at an attended booth. Telepasses are connected to Italian bank accounts so cannot be used by visitors.
Estimate your toll costs by putting your destination into this toll calculator. Where possible pay your tolls in cash to avoid additional card charges.
Tolls in the north of Italy are significantly more frequent and expensive than those in the south. We only encountered a few toll stations in Sicily and Calabria.
Make sure you get in lane early for the toll booth if you want to speak to a person, not a machine.
Autostrade Italian highway rest stops
They may not look anything special but rest stops at service stations on Italian motorways and highways – known as autostrade – are very handy. You can always get a decent and tasty snack or meal, and the bathroom and toilet facilities are usually sparkling clean.
Signs on the autostrade let you know how far it is until the next service stop so you can plan breaks accordingly.
Unfortunately, unlike French highway stops we haven’t found many play areas for children or outdoor seating areas in Italian rest stops.
Parking in Italy: towns and cities
Finding a secure car spot, in a central location for a reasonable rate can be difficult in Italian cities.
Having learned my lesson the hard way in Lucca, I now make a point of researching the best places to park in each city we visit. There is nothing more frustrating than wasting time driving around trying to find a car park when you are traveling.
We look for secure, underground car parks where possible. A simple Google or TripAdvisor search will help find these tips. There seems to be a bit more decorum when parking in these facilities than on the street where anything goes.
Parking on the street is possible however you may be limited in terms of time. Look for blue zones where the car spaces are marked in blue. You pay for parking either at machines or a nearby tabaccaio or tobacco shop and then display the ticket on your dashboard.
Do not expect people to park neatly. Haphazard parking styles are one of the funniest things you will see in Italy. Well, they are funny until you are wedged into your spot.
Keep your coins for parking. We did not find many places that accepted cards in the south of Italy in particular.
What to do if you have an accident
Firstly check that everyone is ok and if necessary call the authorities using the emergency numbers below. Accidents must be reported to the police within 48 hours.
If there has been damage to your or another car you must complete a CID, also called CAI Constatazione Amichevole di Incidente. You must carry this in the vehicle and it will be provided by your car hire company. You will need this documentation for insurance purposes so keep it safe and take a photo of it with your phone.
Fire Brigade 115
Final common sense advice for your Italy road trip
- Listen to and follow instructions if given by hotels or tour companies. Take it from me, they know better than Google!
- Ask for help if you get stuck. If you find yourself wedged in between stone walls with the only option looking like doing some severe damage to your hire car, do ask a local for help. Italians are kind and helpful and used to helping visitors resolve driving issues in their country.
- Obey the road rules even if it seems like everyone else is not. Revenue raising by collecting fines is not restricted to your home country. You don’t want your lasting memories of Italy to be a €500 fine.
- Keep an eye out for scooters and mopeds as they weave in and out of traffic
- Fuel is either gasolio (diesel) or benzina (petrol)
- Use the mirrors on winding roads to check for oncoming traffic
- Slow down and enjoy the drive
Enjoy your Italy Road trip!
Driving in Italy is an excellent way to get off the beaten track and explore new areas.
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